Isolation Table

A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z
Multidrug resistant organisms (MDROs)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Staphylococcus aureus, vancomycin

Duration of hospitalization and upon readmission.

Discontinuation will be determined by Infection Prevention on a case by case basis.  

Mumps (infectious parotitis)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Until 5 days after the onset of swelling

Susceptible HCWs should not provide care if immune caregivers are available. HCWs should use masks regardless of immune status.

Mycobacteria
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Non-tuberculous mycobacteria (atypical), pulmonary or wound
Tuberculosis, active pulmonary or laryngeal

See Tuberculosis

Mycoplasma pneumoniae
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Duration of illness

Necrotizing enterocolitis
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Neisseria meningitidis, invasive (meningitis, pneumonia, sepsis, meningococcemia)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Until 24 hrs after initiation of effective therapy

Nocardiosis (Nocardia sp.), any presentation
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Norovirus
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Patients on 11L or 12L:  Duration of hospitalization.  All others: Enteric Contact isolation can be discontinued if (1) patient has had no diarrhea for ≥48 hours AND (2) patient has been transferred to clean room. 

Hand Hygiene with soap and water (not alcohol based hand rub) is indicated upon exiting the room of a patient on Contact Isolation for norovirus. Wash your hands sign is available. 

Norwalk agent Gastroenteritis (see Gastroenteritis)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Orf
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Parainfluenza
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Infants and young children

Adult and Pediatric hematology/oncology/BMT patients:
Duration of illness AND retest is negative.

All other patients: Duration of illness

Initiate isolation when test is ordered to rule out viral pathogens.

All other patients

Adult and Pediatric hematology/oncology/BMT patients:
Duration of illness AND retest is negative.

All other patients: Duration of illness

Initiate isolation when test is ordered to rule out viral pathogens.

Parvovirus B19 (Erythema infectiosum)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Immunosuppressed patient

For duration of hospitalization when chronic disease occurs

Duration of precautions for immunosuppressed patients with persistently positive PCR not defined, but transmission has occurred [929].

Patient with transient aplastic or red-cell crisis

Seven days from symptom onset if known. Use date of identification if symptom onset date unclear. 

Pediculosis (see lice)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Pertussis (whooping cough)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Until 5 days of effective antibiotic therapy

Pinworm infection
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Plague (Yersinia pestis)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
bubonic
pneumonic

Until 48 hrs after initiation of effective therapy

Pneumonia due to
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Pneumonia, adenovirus

Duration of illness

Bacterial, not listed elsewhere
Burkholderia cepacia in cystic fibrosis patients, including respiratory tract colonization
Burkholderia cepacia in patients without cystic fibrosis
Chlamydia

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