Isolation Table

A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z
Rabies
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Rat-bite fever (Streptobacillus moniliformis, Spirillum minus)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Relapsing fever
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Respiratory infectious disease, acute (if not covered elsewhere) All other patients
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Respiratory infectious disease, acute (if not covered elsewhere) Infants and young children
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Duration of illness

Also see syndromes or conditions listed in Table 2.

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
regardless of subtype infants, young children (SEE BELOW)

Adult and Pediatric hematology/oncology/BMT patients:
Duration of illness AND retest is negative.

All other patients: Duration of illness

Initiate isolation when test is ordered to rule out viral pathogens.

All other patients

Adult and Pediatric hematology/oncology/BMT patients:
Duration of illness AND retest is negative.

All other patients: Duration of illness

Initiate isolation when test is ordered to rule out viral pathogens.

Reye’s syndrome
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Not an infectious condition

Rheumatic fever
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Not an infectious condition

Rhinovirus
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Infants and young children

Adult and Pediatric hematology/oncology/BMT patients:
Duration of illness AND retest is negative.

All other patients: Duration of illness

Initiate isolation when test is ordered to rule out viral pathogens.

All other patients

Adult and Pediatric hematology/oncology/BMT patients:
Duration of illness AND retest is negative.

All other patients: Duration of illness

Initiate isolation when test is ordered to rule out viral pathogens.

Rickettsial fevers, tickborne (Rocky Mountain spotted fever, tickborne typhus fever)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Rickettsialpox
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
(vescicular rickettsiosis)
Ringworm (dermatophytosis, dermatomycosis, tinea)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Ritter’s disease (staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Rocky Mountain spotted fever
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Roseola infantum (exanthema subitum)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Rotavirus
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Contact isolation can be discontinued if (1) patient has had no diarrhea for ≥48 hours AND (2) patient has been transferred to clean room. 

Rubella (See also Congenital Rubella)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
(German measles)

Until 7 days after onset rash. 

Susceptible HCWs should not provide care if immune caregivers are available. HCWs should use masks regardless of immune status.

Rubeola (see Measles)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment