Isolation Table

A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z
Rabies
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Rat-bite fever (Streptobacillus moniliformis, Spirillum minus)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Relapsing fever
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Respiratory infectious disease, acute (if not covered elsewhere)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
When clinical syndrome suspected and/or no organism identified on further testing

duration of illness or until specific pathogen is known

Initiate isolation when test is ordered to rule out viral pathogens.

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Adult and Pediatric hematology/oncology/BMT patients:
Duration of illness AND retest is negative.

All other patients: Duration of illness

Initiate isolation when test to rule out viral pathogens is ordered.

Reye’s syndrome
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Not an infectious condition

Rheumatic fever
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Not an infectious condition

Rhinovirus
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Benioff Children's Hospital and Pediatrics

Adult and Pediatric hematology/oncology/BMT patients:
Duration of illness AND retest is negative.

All other patients: Duration of illness

Initiate isolation when test is ordered to rule out viral pathogens.

*Add Contact Precautions if copious moist secretions and close contact likely to occur

Adult services

Adult and Pediatric hematology/oncology/BMT patients:
Duration of illness AND retest is negative.

All other patients: Duration of illness

Initiate isolation when test is ordered to rule out viral pathogens.
*Add Contact Precautions if copious moist secretions and close contact likely to occur

Rickettsial fevers, tickborne (Rocky Mountain spotted fever, tickborne typhus fever)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Rickettsialpox
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
(vescicular rickettsiosis)
Ringworm (dermatophytosis, dermatomycosis, tinea)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Ritter’s disease (staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Rocky Mountain spotted fever
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Roseola infantum (exanthema subitum)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Rotavirus
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Contact + Standard isolation can be discontinued if (1) patient has had no diarrhea for ≥48 hours AND (2) patient has been transferred to clean room.

See Gastroenteritis

Rubella (See also Congenital Rubella)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
(German measles)

Until 7 days after onset rash. 

Susceptible HCWs should not provide care if immune caregivers are available. HCWs should use masks regardless of immune status.

Rubeola (see Measles)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment