Isolation Table

A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z
Tapeworm disease
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Hymenolepis nana
Taenia solium (pork)
Other
Tetanus
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Tinea (e.g., dermatophytosis, dermatomycosis, ringworm)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Toxic shock syndrome (staphylococcal disease)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Toxoplasmosis
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Trachoma, acute (Chlamydia trachomatis)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (see Creutzfeld-Jacob disease, CJD, vCJD)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Trench mouth (Vincent’s angina)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Trichinosis (Trichinella)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Trichomoniasis (Trichomonas vaginalis)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Trichuriasis (whipworm) (Trichuris trichiura)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Tuberculosis
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Extrapulmonary, draining lesions (including scrofula)

Discontinue isolation only when patient is improving clinically, and drainage has ceased or there are three consecutive negative cultures of continued drainage. Examine for evidence of active pulmonary tuberculosis.

Extrapulmonary, meningitis

Patient should be examined for evidence of current (active) pulmonary tuberculosis. If evidence exists, additional isolations are necessary

Skin-test (PPD) or interferon gamma release assay (e.g., QuaniFEron) positive with no evidence of active pulmonary disease
Pulmonary (suspected or confirmed) OR laryngeal disease

AFB smear positive:
Min 14d tx and meets discontinuation criteria
AFB smear neg, high suspicion and started on therapy:
Min 5d tx and meets discontinuation critera;
AFB smear neg, low suspicion and not on therapy:
meets discontinuation criteria

Collect 3 separate AFB sputum obtained at 8-12 hr intervals (at least 1 specimen must be in early AM).  See Environment of Care Manual for Aerosol Transmissible Disease Exposure Control Plan.

Tularemia
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Draining lesion

Provided draining lesions can be adequately covered/contained

Pulmonary

Provided draining lesions can be adequately covered/contained

Typhoid (Salmonella typhi) fever
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

See gastroenteritis

Typhus
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
endemic and epidemic (Rickettsia sp.)