Isolation Table

A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z
Vaccinia
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Only vaccinated HCWs have contact with active vaccination sites and care for persons with adverse vaccinia events; if unvaccinated, only HCWs without contraindications to vaccine may provide care.

Vaccinia (adverse events following vaccination) Blepharitis or conjunctivitis
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Use Contact Precautions if there is copious drainage.

Vaccinia (adverse events following vaccination) Eczema vaccinatum
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Until lesions dry and crusted, scabs separated

For contact with virus-containing lesions and exudative material.

Vaccinia (adverse events following vaccination) Fetal vaccinia
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Until lesions dry and crusted, scabs separated

For contact with virus-containing lesions and exudative material.

Vaccinia (adverse events following vaccination) Generalized vaccinia
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Until lesions dry and crusted, scabs separated

For contact with virus-containing lesions and exudative material.

Vaccinia (adverse events following vaccination) Iritis or keratitis
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Vaccinia (adverse events following vaccination) Postvaccinia encephalitis
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Until lesions dry and crusted, scabs separated

Vaccinia (adverse events following vaccination) Progressive vaccinia
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Until lesions dry and crusted, scabs separated

For contact with virus-containing lesions and exudative material.

Vaccinia (adverse events following vaccination) Secondary bacterial infection (e.g., S. aureus, group A beta hemolytic Streptococcus)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Follow organism-specific (strep, staph most frequent) recommendations and consider magnitude of drainage.

Vaccinia (adverse events following vaccination) Vaccinia-associated erythema multiforme (Stevens Johnson Syndrome)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Not an infectious condition

Vaccinia Vaccination site care (including autoinoculated areas)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Vaccination recommended for vaccinators; for newly vaccinated HCWs: semi-permeable dressing over gauze until scab separates, with dressing change as fluid accumulates, ~3-5 days; gloves, hand hygiene for dressing change; vaccinated HCW or HCW without contraindication to vaccine for dressing changes. [205, 221, 225].

Vancomycin AND Linezolid Resistant Enterococcus (LR-VRE)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Duration of hospitalization and upon readmission

Vancomycin Intermediate Staphylococcus aureus (VISA/VRSA)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Duration of hospitalization and upon readmission

Varicella (chickenpox)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Until ALL lesions are crusted over

Susceptible persons should NOT enter the room if other, immune caregivers are available

Varicella zoster (Herpes zoster, shingles)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Localized in immunocompromised patient

Airborne and Contact precautions may be discontinued if patient has been on antiviral therapy for 72 hours and shows no clinical signs of disseminated Herpes zoster and no pulmonary involvement.

Persons susceptible to varicella are also at risk for developing varicella when exposed to patients with varicella zoster (shingles) lesions; therefore, susceptibles should not enter the room

Disseminated in any patient

Airborne and Contact precautions until ALL lesions are crusted over

Persons susceptible to varicella are also at risk for developing varicella when exposed to patients with varicella zoster (shingles) lesions; therefore, susceptibles should not enter the room.

See Dermatome Chart and CDC definition of disseminated zoster.

See Dermatomal map.       

 

Localized in immunocompetent patient

Persons susceptible to varicella are also at risk for developing varicella when exposed to patients with varicella zoster (shingles) lesions; therefore, susceptibles should not enter the room

Vescicular rash
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Until all lesions are crusted over or when chickenpox/varicella zoster (shingles) infection have been ruled out

Persons susceptible to varicella are also at risk for developing varicella when exposed to patients with varicella zoster (shingles) lesions; therefore, susceptibles should not enter the room.

Vibrio parahaemolyticus (see gastroenteritis)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Vincent’s angina (trench mouth)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Viral Fevers, arthropodborne
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Examples: dengue, yellow fever, Colorado tick fever