Isolation Table

A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z
Pneumonia due to
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Staphylococcus aureus (nafcillin/methicillin sensitive OR resistant)
Streptococcus pyogenes (group A strep)

Until 24 hours after initiation of effective therapy

Varicella-Zoster (See Varicella-Zoster)
Viral, All patients

See Respiratory Infectious Disease, acute, or specific viral agent

Pneumonia, adenovirus

Refer to Adenovirus-Respiratory Infection 

Bacterial, not listed elsewhere
Burkholderia cepacia in cystic fibrosis patients, including respiratory tract colonization
Burkholderia cepacia in patients without cystic fibrosis
Chlamydia
Poliomyelitis
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Duration of illness

Pressure ulcer (decubitus ulcer, pressure sore) infected Major
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Duration of illness

Until drainage stops or can be contained by dressing

Pressure ulcer (decubitus ulcer, pressure sore) infected Minor or limited
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

If dressing covers and contains drainage.

Prion disease (See Creutzfeld-Jacob Disease)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Pseudomonas sp.
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
multi-drug resistant (CP-gene positive or cefepime resistant or ceftazidime resistant)
All other patients
Psittacosis (ornithosis)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
(Chlamydia psittaci)
Q fever (Coxiella burnetii)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Rabies
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Rat-bite fever (Streptobacillus moniliformis, Spirillum minus)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Relapsing fever
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Respiratory infectious disease, acute (if not covered elsewhere)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
When clinical syndrome suspected and/or no organism identified on further testing

duration of illness or until specific pathogen is known

Initiate isolation when test is ordered to rule out viral pathogens.

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Adult and Pediatric hematology/oncology/BMT patients:
Duration of illness AND retest is negative.

All other patients: Duration of illness

Initiate isolation when test to rule out viral pathogens is ordered.

Reye’s syndrome
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Not an infectious condition

Rheumatic fever
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Not an infectious condition

Rhinovirus
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Benioff Children's Hospital and Pediatrics

Adult and Pediatric hematology/oncology/BMT patients:
Duration of illness AND retest is negative.

All other patients: Duration of illness

Initiate isolation when test is ordered to rule out viral pathogens.

*Add Contact Precautions if copious moist secretions and close contact likely to occur

Pages