Isolation Table

A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z
Rhinovirus
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Adult services

Adult and Pediatric hematology/oncology/BMT patients:
Duration of illness AND retest is negative.

All other patients: Duration of illness

Initiate isolation when test is ordered to rule out viral pathogens.
*Add Contact Precautions if copious moist secretions and close contact likely to occur

Rickettsial fevers, tickborne (Rocky Mountain spotted fever, tickborne typhus fever)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Rickettsialpox
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
(vescicular rickettsiosis)
Ringworm (dermatophytosis, dermatomycosis, tinea)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Ritter’s disease (staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Rocky Mountain spotted fever
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Roseola infantum (exanthema subitum)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Rotavirus
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Contact + Standard isolation can be discontinued if (1) patient has had no diarrhea for ≥48 hours AND (2) patient has been transferred to clean room.

See Gastroenteritis

Rubella (See also Congenital Rubella)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
(German measles)

Until 7 days after onset rash. 

Susceptible HCWs should not provide care if immune caregivers are available. HCWs should use masks regardless of immune status.

Rubeola (see Measles)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Salmonellosis (Salmonella sp.)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

See gastroenteritis

SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

If this condition is suspected, Contact INFECTION PREVENTION (Business hours: 415-806-0269; non-business hours: Notify Nursing Supervisor) AND INFECTIOUS DISEASE IMMEDIATELY.

Scabies
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Until 24 hours after initiation of effective therapy

Gown and glove for direct patient care x 24 hours after treatment

Scalded skin syndrome, staphylococcal (Ritter’s disease)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Schistosomiasis (bilharziasis) (Schistosoma sp.)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Shigellosis (Shigella sp.)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

See gastroenteritis

Shingles
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

See varicella zoster

Smallpox
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

If this condition is suspected, Contact INFECTION PREVENTION (Business hours: 415-806-0269; non-business hours: Notify Nursing Supervisor) AND INFECTIOUS DISEASE IMMEDIATELY.
Mask patient immediately and place in Airborne Isolation.

 

Spirillum minus (rat-bite fever)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Sporotrichosis (Sporothrix schenckii)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
(Sporothrix schenckii)
Staphylococcal disease (Staphylococcus aureus), skin wound or burn
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
skin wound or burn Major

Duration of illness

“Major” defined as “No dressing or dressing does not contain drainage adequately”

Minor or limited

“Minor” defined as “Dressing covers and contains drainage adequately”

Enterocolitis, diapered or incontinent children < 6 years of age

Duration of illness

Enterocolitis, all others
Methicillin/Nafcillin resistant

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