Isolation Table

A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z
Vancomycin Intermediate Staphylococcus aureus (VISA/VRSA)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Duration of hospitalization and all subsequent admissions

Varicella (chickenpox)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Until ALL lesions are crusted over

Susceptible heatlhcare personnel (HCP) should not enter room if immune HCP are available, regardless of presumptive evidence of immunity. HCP should use respiratory protection that is at least as protectibve as a fit-tested N-95 respirator upon entry into the care area.

Varicella zoster (Herpes zoster, shingles)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Localized in immunocompetent patient

Persons susceptible to varicella are also at risk for developing varicella when exposed to patients with varicella zoster (shingles) lesions; therefore, susceptibles should not enter the room

Localized in immunocompromised patient

Airborne and Contact + Standard precautions may be discontinued if patient has been on antiviral therapy for 72 hours and shows no clinical signs of disseminated Herpes zoster and no pulmonary involvement. 

Persons susceptible to varicella are also at risk for developing varicella when exposed to patients with varicella zoster (shingles) lesions; therefore, susceptibles should not enter the room

Disseminated in any patient

Airborne and Contact + Standard precautions until ALL lesions are crusted over

Persons susceptible to varicella are also at risk for developing varicella when exposed to patients with varicella zoster (shingles) lesions; therefore, susceptibles should not enter the room

See: CDC definition of disseminated zoster and Dermatome Map 

 

Vescicular rash
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Until all lesions are crusted over or when chickenpox/varicella zoster (shingles) infection have been ruled out

Persons susceptible to varicella are also at risk for developing varicella when exposed to patients with varicella zoster (shingles) lesions; therefore, susceptibles should not enter the room.

Vibrio parahaemolyticus (see gastroenteritis)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Vincent’s angina (trench mouth)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Viral Fevers, arthropodborne
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Examples: dengue, yellow fever, Colorado tick fever

Whooping cough (Bordetella pertussis)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Until 5 days of effective antibiotic therapy

Wound infection
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Major

Duration of illness

“Major” defined as “Dressing does not contain drainage adequately”

Minor or limited

“Minor” defined as “Dressing covers and contains drainage adequately”

Yersinia enterocolitica
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

See gastroenteritis

Zika virus
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

No HCW restriction; treat as any other bloodborne pathogen (face and eye protection, gloves, gown during delivery)

Zoster (See Varicella zoster)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Susceptible heatlhcare personnel (HCP) should not enter room if immune CHP are available, regardless of presumptive evidence of immunity.HCP should use respiratory protection that is at least as protectibve as a fit-tested N-95 respirator upon entry into the care area.

Zygomycosis (phycomycosis, mucormycosis, Mucor sp., Rhizopus sp., Absidia sp.)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

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