Isolation Table

A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z
Enterococcus sp
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
vancomycin resistant (VRE)
Vancomycin AND Linezolid resistant VRE

Duration of hospitalization and upon readmission 

Discontinuation will be determined by Infection Prevention on a case by case basis (i). 

Enterocolitis, C. difficile (see Gastroenteritis, C. difficile)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Enterovirus D68-associated Acute Flaccid Myelitis/Paralysis (AFM)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Duration of illness

If Acute Flaccid Myelitis (AFM) is suspected, contact Infection Prevention.  Business hours: 415-806-0269; non-business hours: Notify Nursing Supervisor.

Enterovirus, (coxsackievirus disease, echovirus, hand foot and mouth disease, herpangina, pleurodynia)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Infants and young children

Duration of illness

All other patients
Epiglottitis, due to Haemophilus influenzae type b
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

 Until patient has received ≥24 hours after initiation of effective therapy

See specific disease agents for epiglottitis due to other etiologies.

Epstein-Barr virus (including infectious mononucleosis)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Erythema infectiosum (see Parvovirus B19)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamases (ESBL) producer
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
not also MDRO
MDRO

Duration of hospitalization and upon readmission 

Food poisoning
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Staphylococcal (Staphylococcus aureus)
Botulism
Clostridium perfringens or Clostridium welchii
Furunculosis, staphylococcal, in infants and young children
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Duration of illness

Gangrene (gas gangrene)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Gastroenteritis
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Gastroenteritis, no organism identified
Adenovirus

Use Contact Isolation for diapered or incontinent persons for duration of illness 

Campylobacter sp.

Use Contact Isolation for diapered or incontinent persons for duration of illness 

Cholera (Vibrio cholera)

Use Contact Isolation for diapered or incontinent persons for duration of illness 

C. difficile

Patients on 11L or 12L:  Duration of hospitalization.  All others: Enteric Contact isolation can be discontinued if (1) patient has had no diarrhea for ≥48 hours AND (2) patient has been transferred to clean room. 

Hand hygiene with alcohol based hand rub is recommended EXCEPT use Hand Hygiene with soap and water upon exiting the room of a patient on Contact Isolation for suspected or confirmed C.difficile disease.  See Diarrhea Decision Tree

Cryptosporidiosis (Cryptosporidium sp.)

Use Contact Isolation for diapered or incontinent persons for duration of illness 

Escherichia coli Enterohemorrhagic O157:H7

Use Contact Isolation for diapered or incontinent persons for duration of illness 

Other species

Use Contact Isolation for diapered or incontinent persons for duration of illness 

Giardiasis (Giardia lamblia)

Use Contact Isolation for diapered or incontinent persons for duration of illness 

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