Isolation Table

A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z
Conjunctivitis
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Chlamydia
Gonococcal (including gonococcal opthalmia neonatorum)
Acute viral (acute hemorrhagic)

Duration of illness

Adenovirus most common cause of viral conjunctivitis; also enterovirus and coxsackie. 

Corona virus associated with SARS (SARS-CoV) (see Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Corona virus NOT associated with SARS (SARS-CoV) (see Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Coxsackie virus disease (see enteroviral infection)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD, vCJD)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Additional resource: “Infection Prevention Policies And Procedures For Patients With Suspected Or Confirmed Human Prion Disease”

Crimean-Congo Fever (see Viral Hemorrhagic Fever)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Croup (infants and young children only)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Until upper respiratory symptoms resolve regardless of test result

Initiate isolation when test is ordered to rule out viral pathogens.

Cryptococcosis
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
(Cryptococcus neoformans)
Cystic Fibrosis
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Entire hospitalization. HCW gown and gloves for all patient contact, and mask with shield during respiratory treatments.  Patients masked when outside hospital or clinic room during entire hospitalization

See additional guidance in Section 4.5
(https://infectioncontrol.ucsfmedicalcenter.org/45-cystic-fibrosis)

Cysticercosis
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
(Taenia sp., tapeworm)
Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Any patient with CMV infection, including neontes and immunosuppressed children and adults
Decubitus ulcer, infected
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Major

Duration of illness

“Major” defined as “Dressing does not contain drainage adequately”

Minor or limited

“Minor” defined as “Dressing covers and contains drainage adequately”

Dengue
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Diarrhea
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
acute, of unknown etiology, infective etiology suspected

Duration of illness

Hand Hygiene with soap and water (not alcohol based hand rub) is indicated until cause of diarrhea is determined.

Diphtheria (Corynebacterium diptheriae)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Cutaneous

Until off antibiotics and 2 cultures collected at least 24 hours apart are negative

Contact Infection Prevention.  Business hours: 415-806-0269; non-business hours: Notify Nursing Supervisor.

Pharyngeal

Until off antibiotics and 2 cultures collected at least 24 hours apart are negative

Contact Infection Prevention. Business hours: 415-806-0269; non-business hours: Notify Nursing Supervisor.

Ebola
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Immediately contact Infection Prevention. Business hours: 415-806-0269; non-business hours: Notify Nursing Supervisor.

Echinococcosis (hydatid disease) (Echinococcus sp.)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Encephalitis (or encephalomyelitis)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment

Examples: varicella, herpes simplex, eastern, western, Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis; St. Louis, California encephalitis.  See specific etiologic agent

Endometritis
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Enterobiasis (Enterobius sp) (pinworm disease, oxyuriasis)
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
Enterococcus sp
Condition Isolation Duration of Isolation Comment
vancomycin resistant (VRE)

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