Standard Precautions

Standard Precautions PDF

 

INFECTION CONTROL PRECAUTIONS AT UCSF MEDICAL CENTER AND CHILDREN’S HOSPITAL

“Standard Precautions” are used by ALL staff in the care of ALL patients.

  • Surface Disinfection – Staff will clean all shared equipment between patient uses

  • Personal Protective Equipment (“PPE”) – Staff will wear protective gear as needed (gloves, gowns, masks, eye protection)

  • Hand Hygiene – All staff must clean their hands before and after contact with patients

 

Use Soap and Water:

  • Wet hands with warm water
  • Dispense one measure of soap into palm.
  • Work up lather by rubbing hands together for 15 seconds, covering all surfaces of the hands and fingers. 
  • Rinse hands thoroughly 
  • Dry hands and turn off faucet with paper towel.
  • Discard towel in the trash container
 

Use Alcohol Gel:

  • Dispense one measure of gel into palm of one dry hand
  • Rub hands together covering all surfaces of hands and fingers until dry, about 15 – 20 seconds.

It is okay to remind our staff to clean their hands if you do not observe them doing so!

“Transmission-based Precautions” are added when a patient has, or is suspected to have, a disease that is not controlled using Standard Precautions alone. There are 3 types, described below:

“Contact Isolation Precautions” are used when a patient has (or may have) germs that are spread when people touch the patient or his/her environment, or the patient touches others.

Staff

  • Wear gloves and gowns when contacting the patient or environment

Patient/visitors

  • Clean hands frequently

Because people visiting one patient don’t enter the rooms of other patients, they are not required to wear a gown and gloves while visiting a patient in Contact Isolation Precautions.

“Droplet Isolation Precautions” are used when a patient has (or may have) germs that are spread to other people by the droplets sprayed from the mouth or nose during speaking, coughing or sneezing, and can also be picked up when people touch the surfaces around you.

Staff

  • Wear a mask and eye protection when within arm’s reach

Patients

  • Clean hands frequently, especially after coughing or sneezing
  • Wear a mask when outside the room
  • See Patient Information Sheet for additional information

Visitors

  • Clean hands frequently
  • May wear a mask while visiting with the patient
  • Do not bring siblings or young children to visit

“Airborne Isolation Precautions” are used when a patient has (or may have) germs that are spread by tiny droplets from the mouth or nose that stay suspended in the air and can be breathed in by other people.

Staff

  • Keep the door closed at all times
  • Staff entering the room must wear a special mask

Patients

  • Clean hands frequently, especially after coughing or sneezing
  • Wear a mask when outside the room
  • See Patient Information Sheet for additional information

Visitors

  • May wear a special mask provided by hospital staff while inside the patient’s room

Patient information sheets with additional details are available at the nursing station.

Department of Hospital Epidemiology and Infection Prevention and Control 415-353-4343

Standard Precautions

  • Clean hands
    • upon entering patient room
    • before & after patient contact
    • after removing gloves
    • before exiting room
    • after contact w/ patient environment & equipment
  • Clean & disinfect equipment between patient uses
  • Use gloves for contact with blood or body fluids, excretions & secretions
  • Anticipate need for protective barriers (gown, mask, etc) according to patient condition.